Remington Rolling Block rifles, carbines and pistols are among the most prolific and well-made single-shot firearms ever made. The secret was this design's strong, durable rolling block-sealed breech.
After the Civil War, E. Remington and Sons introduced its extremely accurate, long-distance Rolling Block rifle made in .45-70. And between 1867 and 1902, over a million of these babies were made by Remington in the United States; and in Sweden, greater numbers of Rolling Block Rifles were made under contract to Husqvarna and Carl Gustav, (e.g., the Model 1867 chambered in 12.17x42mm).
The Sharps Model 1874, Winchester Single-Shot, and Remington Rolling Block long guns accounted for more American bison kills during the great slaughter of the 19th century than any other gun. The Remington .44-90 "buffalo" gun, with 400-grain bullets was the most proficient buffalo gun made, accurate to one-half mile, decimating vast herds of grazing bison on the Great American Plains.
And Rolling Block guns and bayonets have killed thousands of combatants since the Civil War.
A ton of No. 1 Rolling Block rifles were made by the late-1870s, and the No. 5 Rolling Block, much the same gun as the No. 1, but constructed of stronger components (steel) for the new smokeless rifle cartridge chambered in 7mm Mauser (and a host of chamberings), revolutionized modern warfare.
Vast quantities of Rolling Blocks were sold overseas or manufactured there (i.e., Sweden).
They were sold to China, Egypt, and France and a host of Spanish-speaking countries.
And nearly every foreign consumer had their own, country-specific chambering.
Rolling Blocks came in many flavors-.45-70, .50-70, 7mm Mauser, .30-30, .30-40 and .30-06.
Standard features had a slightly curved (steel) buttplate; a straight-grip stock; a cleaning rod slung beneath the barrel; and furniture that ran nearly the length of the fore-stock with two or three barrel bands. Rolling Blocks for overseas consumption differed not only by caliber and overall length, but according to style of hardware (e.g., gun sights, hammer, breech block, etc.); each had its own unique length-and style of bayonet. The 1899 Swedish Rolling Block had a 19 1/2 inch socket bayonet with a spring-button latch. The Mexican M1899 Remington knife bayonet, mated to the 7mm Mauser Rolling Block Rifle, was slightly more than a foot long and sported a single-edged 8 1/4 -inch blade.
And the Remington #5 Rolling Block "pig sticker" had a wooden grip, muzzle ring, hook quillon (i.e., the crossguard separating the hilt from the blade) reminiscent of the Mexican Model 1899 and either an 8 1/4-inch, single-edged blade or an elongated, 15-inch single-edged knife blade.
Meet the Rolling Block Rifle/Bayonet-take 'em out at distance or up close and personal.