Not to be confused with the rifle that was used to assassinate John F.
Kennedy, the 35th President of the United States - the Italian Mannlicher-Carcano
in 6.5mm - the Steyr-Mannlicher is an Austrian-Hungarian bolt-action service rifle
chambered in 8mm.
The Steyr-Mannlicher M1895 is a straight-pull bolt action rifle, unlike most
bolt actions of its day that featured Mauser-type rotating bolts. Model 1895
was designed by Ferdinand von Mannlicher and saw service from 1895 to the
conclusion of World War II.
M1895 was the successor to Mannlicher's Model 1890 design.
Perhaps the most significant feature of the Model 1895, besides its straight-pull
(stiff) bolt, is its Mannlicher en-bloc clip innovation, a loading clip that
was inserted into the top of the weapon's box magazine and ejected automatically through the bottom.
This innovation helped speed up reloading.
The Steyr-Mannlicher M1895 came in a long and a short rifle, the latter designated
the stutzen or carbine M1895. It was carried by the army of the Austrian-Hungarian
Empire during World War I, thereafter by the Austrian and Hungarian Armies.
Approximately three million M1895 rifles were produced by Steyr-Mannlicher.
The Steyr-Mannlicher M1895 was used by Greece, Yugoslavia and Bulgaria, Germany,
Hungary and Italy and some of these weapons were modified to 7.92x57mm Mauser to
accommodate Mauser-fed stripper clips. Rifles converted to 7.92x57mm had shorter
barrels and were designated the M1895/24 for the year 1924.
M1895 rifles were originally chambered in 8x50mmR and converted in 1930 by
Austria and Hungary to the more powerful 8x56mmR, thus the M1895/30 designation.
The M1895 has a length of slightly more than 50 inches and a barrel length of 30
inches; the M95/30 is shorter at slightly more than 39 inches with a barrel length
of nearly 19 inches. Empty, the M1895 weighs less than 8 1/2 pounds; the M95/30 weighs
slightly less than 7 1/2 pounds. The M1895 was issued with a detachable bayonet.
M1895 was reliable and sturdy, but had problems with fouling, which was aided by
proper maintenance. Converted rifles have become much sought after collectors items.